Courses of Life

Princesses, women citizens, and nuns seized the Reformation as an opportunity. They went through turbulent times in which courage, strength of conscience, patience, and thirst for action were required. While we are well informed about the male protagonists of the Reformation period, we know less about the women of the time. These personalities and their different biographies are now rediscovered.

Credits

Research

Franziska Kuschel

Graphic

Barbara MayerJakub Chrobok

References

Kommer, Dorothee: Reformatorische Flugschriften von Frauen : Flugschriftenautorinnen der frühen Reformationszeit und ihre Sicht von Geistlichkeit, Leipzig, 2013.Kuschel, Franziska: „Starke Frauen“ der Reformation - ausgewählte Biogramme, in: Eine STARKE FRAUENgeschichte : 500 Jahre Reformation, hrsg. v. Simona Schellenberger/ André Thieme/ Dirk Welich, Beucha, 2014, 29–35.

Image Sources

Caritas Pirckheimer: Unknown artist, 17th century, 17 Jh., Stadtarchiv Nürnberg;Argula from Grumbach: Hans Schwarz [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsWalpurga Budenhagen: Lucas Cranach the Younger, around 1580,, Stadtgeschichtliches Museum LeipzigWibrandis Rosenblatt: Unknown artist, 16th century, Basel University LibraryElisabeth of Rochlitz: Unknown artist, around 1577, Museum Schloss Wilhelmsburg Schmalkalden Elisabeth of Brandenburg: Unknown artist, 1620, Historisches Museum Bayreuth/ Universitätsbibliothek BayreuthOlympia Fulvia Moraga: Unknown artist, after 1580, Heidelberg University Archives