Luther grows up in Mansfeld. His father wants him to become a lawyer.

Luther becomes a monk. He quickly rises in the religious hierarchy and is appointed professor in Wittenberg. Here, he is confronted with the sale of indulgences.

Luther criticizes the indulgence system and comes into conflict with the Church and the emperor. Whether he actually nailed his ninety-five theses to the door of the Castle Church at Wittenberg or not is disputed. His teachings quickly become known all over the country; cities and territories convert to Protestantism. The demands of the peasants, however, went unheard. A rebellion breaks out. It is crushed by the authorities. Various Protestant doctrines emerge.

Luther has become an institution. He lives with his wife and children in the former Augustinian monastery in Wittenberg, and teaches at the University.


Martin Luther descended from a business family. The later claim, that he was the son of a miner, was finally debunked through archeological research as myth. Before becoming a reformer, Luther was a mendicant. His order, the Augustinian Hermits, enabled him a professorship in the residential town of Wittenberg. The newly founded University there became one of the key centers of the Reformation during his time there.

Luther's life



Robert Kluth


Jan SchwochowDaniela ScharffenbergJakub ChrobokBarbara Mayer


Brecht, Martin: Martin Luther, 3 Bände, Stuttgart, 1981.Kaufmann, Thomas: Martin Luther, München, 2006.Lohse, Bernhard: Martin Luther: eine Einführung in sein Leben und sein Werk, München, 31997.Oberman, Heiko A.: Luther: Mensch zwischen Gott und Teufel, München, 1986.Schilling, Heinz: Martin Luther: Rebell in einer Zeit des Umbruchs, München, 2012.

Image Sources

Wartburg Stiftung: Lucas Cranach the Elder [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsState Office for Heritage Management and Archaeology Saxony-Anhalt - State Museum of Prehistory, Photos: Juraj LiptákSchedel's World Chronicle, By Michel Wolgemut, Wilhelm Pleydenwurff (Text: Hartmann Schedel) (Own work (scan from original book))[Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsLuther Memorials Foundation of Saxony-Anhalt, Photo: Juraj LiptákSchloss Weimar, Lucas Cranach the Elder [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsDeutsches Historisches Museum: Photo: Arne PsilleEvangelische Marktkirchengemeinde Halle, Marienbibliothek, Photo: Juraj Lipták